Unveiling the Alchemy of Nootropics and Psychedelics


It is time to usher you into Half 2 of my exploration into nootropics, sensible medication, and psychedelics. In the event you thought Half 1 was a deep dive, brace your self. You will get to plunge even additional into the artwork of utilizing pure and man-made substances for cognitive enhancement and psychological growth. 

On this installment, I am going to share the precise blueprints of my private nootropic and psychedelic methods — the stacks that I’ve honed over many years of self-experimentation, the dosages that I’ve discovered to be simplest, and the way I align these instruments with my every day actions to maximise their advantages. From enhancing your morning meditation and exercise routines to supercharging your productiveness for deep work classes even when sleep-deprived, uncover the way to incorporate and mix the huge record of cognitive enhancers from Half 1 into your weekly routine.

Nevertheless it’s not all about pushing the envelope. I additionally delve into the essential significance of steadiness — the way to take heed to your physique and thoughts to know when it is time to dial again and permit for restoration. 

Whether or not you are a seasoned nootropic veteran or simply beginning to discover the chances of enhancing your psychological perform, this two-part information offers the insights and methods you might want to take your cognitive recreation to the subsequent stage.

P.S.: In the event you haven’t learn Half 1 of this sequence but, I encourage you to take action, as it would assist you to perceive the fundamentals of what nootropics and sensible medication are and the way they work.

Learn how to Improve the Results of Nootropics and Good Medicine 

Sure compounds can improve the consequences of nootropics, sensible medication, and psychedelics (addressed later on this article) and even stop the crash so usually related to such mind boosters. These compounds, particularly the next sorts, work primarily by offering you with molecules and vitamins that may shortly develop into depleted as your mind works tougher and sooner. 

Whenever you intelligently mix your nootropics, sensible medication, and psychedelics with choline donors, amino acids, adaptogens, neurovitamins, neurominerals, anti-inflammatories, antioxidants, and peptides, you may stop lots of the deficiencies, jittery negative effects, and crashes that are inclined to come up with excessive, frequent doses of brain-boosters, in addition to improve and delay the consequences of your supplementation protocol.

Now, let’s dive in…

1. Choline Donors 

Choline is an important nutrient for mind improvement, cleansing, metabolism, muscle motion, digestion, and liver and gallbladder perform. Choline donors work via completely different pathways within the nervous system to make sure your mind and physique get enough quantities of choline. When you’re poor in choline, you usually tend to crash after utilizing a brain-booster, and the brain-booster itself could not work as effectively. The next are probably the most potent choline donors.


Centrophenoxine protects the mind, enhances and improves working reminiscence, and has anti-aging and antioxidant results. Efficient doses vary from one to 3 doses of 250mg per day, however aged people could reply higher to 3 to 6 doses per day.


Citicoline (a mix of choline and cytidine) reduces reminiscence impairment, cognitive decline, and mind harm, and improves studying and a spotlight. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 2g per day.


Alpha GPC helps to stop cognitive decline, protects the mind, reduces irritation, and will increase consideration span, reminiscence, and development hormone manufacturing (which can additionally decelerate the consequences of getting older and assist you to drop extra pounds). An efficient dose is 400mg thrice per day.

2. Amino Acids

Amino acids are precursors to neurotransmitters and carry out many physiological features, corresponding to repairing tissues, offering power, enhancing psychological and bodily efficiency, and serving to to develop or keep muscle. The particular amino acids listed under are particularly helpful for the mind.


Acetyl-L-carnitine can simply cross the blood-brain barrier and improve cognitive processes corresponding to reminiscence, studying, and focus. It additionally improves mind power metabolism, reduces fatigue, and has potent anti-aging and brain-protecting results, and it will possibly induce the manufacturing of extra mitochondria, which will increase power manufacturing. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,500mg per day.


N-acetyl-tyrosine improves focus, motivation, reminiscence, studying, and temper. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 2,000mg per day.

Some analysis signifies that the effectiveness of tyrosine supplementation is dependent upon correct neurotransmitter synthesis and performance. This implies your response to tyrosine could rely on the well being of your neurotransmitters. 


Taurine acts as an antioxidant and might enhance reminiscence, cut back anxiousness, and promote sleep and leisure. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 2,000mg, though doses as excessive as 3,000mg might be taken with little danger of antagonistic results.


L-theanine can be an antioxidant with neuroprotective properties. It will possibly enhance temper, focus, and reminiscence, cut back anxiousness, and promote sleep and leisure. Efficient doses vary from 100 to 200mg every day.

I’ve discovered that 400mg added to a cup of espresso can considerably cut back caffeine’s negative effects, corresponding to extreme wakefulness or jitters.


DL-phenylalanine is a mix of two types of the important amino acid phenylalanine — the “D” kind and the “L” kind — and might simply cross the blood-brain barrier. DL-phenylalanine enhances psychological alertness, temper, reminiscence, and studying and reduces ache and melancholy. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 5g per day.

As a phrase of warning, some individuals could not be capable of deal with phenylalanine as a result of a situation known as phenylketonuria (PKU). PKU is a genetic dysfunction characterised by a deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase, the enzyme that breaks down phenylalanine. When extra phenylalanine accumulates, it will possibly result in development failure, microcephaly (an abnormally small head, usually as a result of poor mind improvement), seizures, developmental delay, extreme mental impairment, and, in delicate instances, a musty odor within the breath, pores and skin rashes, hyperactivity, and anxiousness.

There are much less extreme varieties, corresponding to variant PKU and non-PKU hyperphenylalaninemia, which are related to a smaller danger of mind harm, and folks with very delicate instances of PKU could not even require remedy (so long as they eat a low-phenylalanine weight loss program). PKU might be simply detected with a easy blood take a look at, and all states in america require a PKU take a look at for each new child — so should you dwell in america, you doubtless already know whether or not or not you have got it.


The 9 important amino acids (EAAs) — histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine — are important as a result of your physique can’t produce them by itself; you should eat them through weight loss program or dietary supplements.

kion aminos

A balanced provide of EAAs is mandatory for optimum mind perform, and whereas there’s restricted data on the exact mechanisms by which completely different EAAs profit cognition, analysis means that amino acids corresponding to histidine and tryptophan are mandatory for neurotransmitter perform and neuronal signaling.

Reasonably than taking the entire amino acids listed above individually, you may strive my shotgun strategy, which is to take a mix of EAAs blended in a exact ratio to make them as efficient as doable. That is truly the precise ratio in Kion Aminos. I dose with about 10–20g per day.

3. Neurovitamins

Many nutritional vitamins can improve mind regulation and developmental processes and forestall harm to neurons. The next are the most effective nutritional vitamins to reinforce any nootropic or sensible drug you employ.


Often known as thiamine, vitamin B1 is finest taken within the fat-soluble kind benfotiamine, which will increase power, temper, and application and reduces ache and superior glycation finish merchandise (compounds that speed up mind degeneration).

Analysis means that, since excessive doses of vitamin B1 often lead to giant quantities of unabsorbed B1 being excreted, doses of 30mg per day are enough. As a phrase of warning, alcohol can inhibit the environment friendly absorption of vitamin B1, so in order for you the total advantages of vitamin B1, restrict or keep away from alcohol on days you are taking vitamin B1.


Vitamin B3, when consumed within the type of niacinamide (additionally known as nicotinamide) can cut back irritation, anxiousness, and age-related cognitive impairment. An efficient dose is 15mg per day, however individuals affected by trauma, hypoxia, stress, or genetic mutations can profit from larger doses. The dietary supplements NR, NMN, or NAD are even higher methods to spice up niacinamide since they’ll concurrently elevate NAD+, a molecule your physique makes use of to control mobile metabolism, getting older, and DNA restore. 


Vitamin B5’s water-soluble kind calcium pantothenate improves focus, reminiscence, and studying and reduces mind fog. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,000mg per day.


When taken within the extremely bioactive kind pyridoxal-5-phosphate, vitamin B6 will increase psychological and bodily power, prevents neuronal harm, and performs a task in reminiscence formation, focus, motivation, and temper and sleep regulation. Efficient doses are 1.5mg per day for wholesome girls and 2mg per day for wholesome males, though girls who’re pregnant or lactating could must take as much as 2mg.


When taken within the type of methylcobalamin, vitamin B12 can enhance temper, reminiscence, focus, and power and cut back anxiousness, ache, and cognitive decline. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 2mg per day.vitamins


Vitamin C within the type of ascorbic acid has antioxidant and neuroprotective results, reduces fatigue, and improves temper and blood stream. Efficient doses vary from 90 to 150mg per day.


When taken in an absorbable kind like cholecalciferol or, even higher, the calcifediol discovered within the complement d.velop, vitamin D3 has highly effective antioxidant and anti inflammatory results and delays mind degeneration and cognitive decline. Efficient doses vary from 1,500 to 2,000 IU per day.

Apparently, many individuals (together with me!) have genetic components, corresponding to excessive pigmentation or interference with the conversion of ldl cholesterol to vitamin D in response to daylight, that stop them from correctly synthesizing vitamin D from solar publicity. This may be ascertained with a salivary genetic take a look at that appears on the genes CYP27B1 and GC. These people could must complement with vitamin D3 irrespective of how a lot daylight they get. 

Simply ensure that should you use vitamin D3, you pair it with vitamin K2 at about 100–150 mcg per day, and magnesium at about 200–400 mg per day. In any other case, you’ll expertise poor absorption and the potential for build-up of extra calcium in your blood. 

4. Adaptogens

Adaptogens are plant extracts that shield your physique and mind from the consequences of extra stress. A veritable Swiss military knife in your physiology, they’ve been proven to help neurogenesis, hormone manufacturing, and adrenal and HPA axis regulation, regulate mobile power homeostasis, regenerate tissue, and enhance studying and reminiscence. Listed under are a number of of my favorites.


Mucuna pruriens enhances temper, reduces anxiousness and stress, protects the mind, stimulates intercourse drive, and will increase focus and motivation. Efficient doses vary from 12.5 to 17.5mg per kilogram of physique weight per day.


Coleus forskohlii improves studying, reminiscence, and psychological stamina and reduces fatigue and irritation. Efficient doses are about 7.5g per day for wholesome girls and about 9g for wholesome males.


Rhodiola improves temper, motivation, reminiscence, and focus and reduces fatigue and oxidative stress. Analysis means that every day rhodiola use as little as 50mg can cut back fatigue, whereas protected neural enhancement happens at 1,500mg per day.


Reishi, considered one of my favourite adaptogenic mushrooms for leisure, can cut back fatigue and melancholy, take the “edge” off should you occur to be, say, overcaffeinated or overstimulated, and, as a bonus, has potential anticancer properties. Efficient doses of reishi extract are 5 to 10g per day. 

5. Neurominerals

Neurominerals, like neurovitamins, are extremely absorbable and might cross the blood-brain barrier to enhance cognition. They’re mandatory for a bunch of physiological processes and, when mixed, improve one another’s results.


The mineral lithium orotate preserves cognitive perform, improves temper, and detoxifies the mind. Lithium has additionally been reported to be helpful as an Alzheimer’s remedy. Efficient doses vary from 5 to 150mg per day.


Magnesium threonate is the simplest kind for rising magnesium ions within the mind and enhancing cognitive perform. It will possibly enhance studying, reminiscence, sleep high quality, and temper and cut back anxiousness and the consequences of neuropathic ache (ache brought on by nerve harm). Analysis suggests that top doses of round 600mg per kilogram of physique weight are efficient.

You will discover any such magnesium in BIOptimizers Magnesium Breakthrough, the one magnesium complement with all seven bioavailable types of magnesium that your physique wants (use code BEN10 to save lots of 10%).


Zinc picolinate is an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-system-boosting mineral that additionally helps enhance reminiscence, temper, and neuronal development. Analysis means that the present really helpful consumption of zinc — 8 to 14mg per day — is efficient at sustaining homeostasis. Delicate zinc deficiency might be handled with two to 3 instances this quantity and reasonable to extreme deficiency with 4 to 5 instances this quantity.

6. Anti-inflammatories and Antioxidants

These compounds particularly handle oxidative stress and irritation within the mind. Additionally they help the transport and utilization of vitamins and regulate nervous system stimulation, hormonal secretion, and levels of cholesterol. The most effective anti-inflammatories and antioxidants for the mind additionally are inclined to help mitochondrial well being and mobile longevity.


PQQ reduces neurodegeneration and cognitive decline, promotes neuronal development and survival, and improves sleep, power, reminiscence, and stress response. PQQ additionally has potent mitochondrial and anti-aging properties. An efficient dose is 0.3mg per day.


Quercetin, present in vegatables and fruits, can delay cognitive decline, shield neurons from toxins, regulate estrogen and androgen, and cut back irritation. As a pure antihistamine, it’s additionally been proven to stabilize mast cells (the immune cells that launch histamines). Efficient doses vary from 50 to 150mg per kilogram of physique weight per day.


Curcumin is the lively element of the spice turmeric. It possesses highly effective anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective results and might enhance reminiscence and temper, cut back oxidative stress and power ache, and delay getting older. An efficient dose is as much as 8g per day. Curcumin might be made way more absorbable by mixing it with oils corresponding to coconut oil or combining it with black pepper or the black pepper extract known as piperine.


DHA is the omega-3 fatty acid most ample in your mind. It has been proven to enhance reminiscence, studying, and temper and cut back oxidative stress, irritation, and telomere shortening (a chromosomal indication of how briskly you’re getting older). Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,000mg every day.


Inexperienced tea extract enhances studying talents, reminiscence, and blood stream, delays getting older, and should cut back anxiousness and power fatigue. When inexperienced tea extract is paired with quercetin and L-theanine, the cognitive results develop into synergistic, that means they improve one another to supply a better impact. Efficient doses vary from 50 to 500mg per day, though larger doses have been related to negative effects like nausea.


Bioperine is derived from the black pepper extract piperine. It will increase the absorption of different vitamins, has anti-inflammatory results (particularly when mixed with curcumin), and will increase motivation, focus, productiveness, and reasoning expertise, whereas stabilizing temper. An efficient dose is 20mg per day.


5-HTP (or 5-hydroxytryptophan) is just like the precursor to serotonin, that feel-good neurotransmitter that retains your temper balanced and your mind buzzing easily. Supplementing with 5-HTP (I like to recommend Thorne’s components) is like giving your physique the uncooked supplies it must maintain the happiness flowing, promote restful sleep, and assist you to deal with stress. A typical dosage is about 100mg taken a few times every day.


GABA is the mind’s major inhibitory neurotransmitter. Consider it as the nippiness capsule of your nervous system, serving to to dial down anxiousness and promote leisure. An efficient dose is about 250mg per day. I additionally advocate Thorne’s GABA dietary supplements, which assist your mind put the brakes on overexcitement, resulting in a calmer, extra targeted way of thinking. 

7. Peptides

No dialogue of cognitive enhancement can be full with out addressing peptides, that are quick amino acid sequences that focus on supposed cells to elicit sure results — together with slowed getting older, fats loss, muscle acquire, sexual enhancement, and higher mind perform — with laser-like specificity.

For instance, the peptide Semax is considered one of my favourite nootropic-like peptides. It was initially synthesized in Russia through the Nineteen Eighties with the categorical intention of enhancing cognitive perform. Along with stimulating the central nervous system, it really works to modulate receptor sensitivity for a wide range of neurotransmitters and mind chemical compounds, together with acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, adenosine, and histamine. Like most peptides, Semax is so potent that solely small doses are wanted to attain the specified outcomes. For most individuals, 0.5 to 1.0mg per day is loads. 

For an excellent greater enhance in mind perform, Semax works fairly effectively when mixed with the peptide Selank, which often is available in a nasal spray and can be utilized as two sprays as soon as every day. Selank alone can simulate stimulants, tranquilizers, ADHDA remedies, and antidepressants unexpectedly. It’s also well-studied for cognitive restoration from strokes and might velocity up restoration from traumatic mind harm (TBI).

Dihexa is one other peptide I like for the mind, as it will possibly reverse neurological harm brought on by Alzheimer’s illness, and is helpful for treating Parkinson’s illness.

Lastly, in my view, the 2 strongest cognitive-enhancing peptides are P21 and Adamax. You’ll be able to consider P21 as a heavy-duty mind repairer and Adamax as a heavy-duty nootropic. P21 is so highly effective that it boosts neurogenesis in Alzheimer’s brains above that of regular controls. It will possibly improve neurogenesis and enhance the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic issue (BDNF), a protein that performs a key function in selling the expansion, survival, and differentiation of neurons within the mind. It will possibly additionally restore mind harm, and in rodent fashions, has a powerful anti-Alzheimer’s impact (in rats). For mind fog, psychological readability, phrase recall, and verbal acuity, nothing beats it. I like to recommend stacking it with Adamax, a stronger type of Semax with enhanced BBB penetration.

Although I’ve given “per day” references, I don’t advocate stacking all these peptides day-after-day. As of late, I exploit a Semax/Selank combo about twice per week and an Adamax/P21 combo twice per week. VIP, a helpful peptide for mind mould and mycotoxin points, is one thing I additionally use about twice per week. 

You must know that many peptides aren’t technically FDA-approved as a result of they don’t seem to be patentable; subsequently, you will not see them really helpful by most mainstream well being authorities or talked about on most well being web sites. Whereas most peptides should not outright unlawful, their authorized standing is dependent upon their supposed use, claims made about them, and whether or not they’re FDA-approved for a selected use. Most peptides should not FDA-approved, which suggests they have not undergone the FDA’s rigorous assessment course of for security, effectiveness, and high quality. Given the unregulated nature of peptides and their exclusion from FDA approval, sourcing them might be difficult. 

To dive additional into peptide stacks, take a look at my podcast episode with Jay Campbell and my peptides sources web page

The Finest Mind-Boosting Stacks

There are over a thousand web sites and tons of of reference guides chock-full of sophisticated strategies for combining the compounds described on this article, just like the peptide stacks I simply talked about. There’s a cause for this: as you have got in all probability guessed by now, stacking nootropics might be far more practical than consuming a single, lonely nootropic in isolation. 

For instance, including choline or L-theanine to your morning espresso could make your mind really feel contemporary for hours. Mixing curcumin with black pepper can dramatically amp up the neural anti-inflammatory results of each. Combating the sting of microdosed LSD or psilocybin with an adaptogen like reishi or rhodiola can help with any jittery emotions. 

If you wish to cut back anxiousness and melancholy however don’t essentially care to reinforce your cognitive efficiency and don’t must get via a day of sleep deprivation, you possibly can stick with a single nootropic that will increase dopamine ranges, corresponding to Mucuna pruriens or tryptophan.

But when experimentation isn’t your factor, I’ve listed the most effective stacks and done-for-you complement blends I’ve used — the tried-and-true mixes that mix final efficacy and security with no nasty crashes or jitters. Test them out under:

1. Caffeine and Nicotine

Espresso and cigarettes have lengthy been a preferred mixture. Suppose again to the Nineteen Fifties picture of a person in a tailor-made swimsuit completely pairing his black brew with a cigarette hanging out the nook of his mouth as he enjoys the Sunday paper. 

Except for the plain pleasure some derive from this conventional combo, are there any advantages to concurrently smoking and consuming espresso?

In response to one examine, it seems that when in comparison with people who smoke who commonly consumed espresso, people who smoke who didn’t drink espresso had twice as a lot of the cell harm related to tobacco use. Common people who smoke who drank espresso lower than twice per week had double the probabilities of creating most cancers than those that drank espresso extra often. So finally, coffee-drinking cigarette people who smoke have some well being benefits over their smoking counterparts who don’t drink espresso.

In fact, the antioxidant content material of espresso will not be the one smoking savior. And no, it isn’t the tobacco and nasty chemical compounds in a cigarette that work the magic: as different research have proved, it’s nicotine. Nicotine is fairly highly effective stuff, enhancing not solely locomotive efficiency (the flexibility to maneuver with better management and precision) and cognitive efficiency when mixed with espresso but in addition ramping up train efficiency by 18 p.c to 21 p.c all by itself!

How do I pull off this stack? I typically suck on 1mg nicotine toothpicks as I down a cup of espresso (the cinnamon taste of the toothpicks blends fairly properly with a cup of joe). 

Lastly, must you wish to amp this stack up a notch for much more reminiscence and cognition enhancement, drop a sprig of rosemary in your espresso, which has been researched for these results, and likewise lends a nice, herbaceous taste to your brew.

2. Caffeine and L-Theanine

Most individuals, particularly sluggish caffeine oxidizers, discover that they’ll remove the adverse negative effects of caffeine (corresponding to jitteriness and complications) by including L-theanine to their caffeine supply of selection. Analysis means that caffeine and L-theanine collectively can enhance focus, focus, and power whereas lowering anxiousness.

For this stack, use a ratio of 4 elements L-theanine to at least one half caffeine — for instance, 400mg of L-theanine with 100mg of caffeine. You could wish to begin with a smaller dose, corresponding to 200mg of L-theanine and 50mg of caffeine, then work your means as much as discover the most effective dose for you. (As a reference level, an 8-ounce cup of espresso has about 100mg of caffeine.)

The great thing about this stack is that nature has already given you a wonderfully packaged mixture of caffeine and L-theanine in inexperienced tea, whether or not within the type of a cup of inexperienced tea, a bowl of matcha tea, or perhaps a inexperienced tea extract complement (inexperienced tea has much less caffeine than espresso — about 25mg per 8-ounce cup).

Caffeine and L-theanine make a very handy mixture throughout these instances once you don’t need the surplus stimulation of caffeine in isolation, corresponding to a late-evening dinner or the latter levels of a workday.

3. Caffeine, Tulsi, and Astragalus

Tulsi is without doubt one of the best calming adaptogens that exists and has been trusted and revered for hundreds of years in Ayurvedic drugs and tradition. Analysis means that tulsi can enhance temper, help digestion, and promote secure power ranges. As a result of it is usually an anxiolytic (that means it reduces anxiousness), tulsi, like L-theanine, helps cut back caffeine’s overstimulating results.

You may also mix tulsi with Astragalus propinquus (astragalus), which, in Chinese language drugs, is a boundlessly invigorating herb that gives a secure supply of power. Astragalus comprises an unlimited number of saponins, flavonoids, and polysaccharides and, when paired with antioxidant-rich espresso and tulsi, it creates a match made in longevity heaven. For this mix, which I usually make if consuming espresso within the afternoon, I’m a fan of the 4 Sigmatic Adaptogen Espresso, which comprises espresso, astragalus, tulsi, and cinnamon.

4. Ginkgo, Bacopa, and Lion’s Mane

This distinctive stack boosts psychological focus, reminiscence, studying, and cognitive efficiency whereas lowering anxiousness and melancholy. I’ve discovered that it will possibly considerably enhance psychological alertness for round six hours at a time with none jitteriness or irritability. It is very important permit a grace interval of about twelve weeks of every day supplementation earlier than you are feeling the stack’s full potential, so don’t anticipate fast outcomes.

A typical dose for this mixture is 500mg of lion’s mane per day, 240mg of ginkgo per day, and 100mg of Bacopa twice per day. For instance, you possibly can throw again a packet of 4 Sigmatic lion’s mane extract with a Beekeeper’s Naturals Bacopa and gingko Mind Gas shot. Small quantities (between 100 and 200mg) of the psychedelic psilocybin can improve this stack.

5. Artichoke and Forskolin

Analysis means that artichoke extract dietary supplements (comprised of the leaves of artichokes) possess potent antioxidant properties and cut back ranges of blood-vessel-damaging ldl cholesterol particles. Forskolin, derived from Coleus forskohlii, is without doubt one of the few compounds recognized to naturally enhance cAMP (cyclic adenosine monophosphate), which reduces mind irritation, strengthens the blood-brain barrier, and improves neural signaling in your mind.

I’ve skilled enhanced reminiscence and phrase recall when consuming this stack. Tim Ferriss talked about it fairly a bit in my podcast with him, particularly referencing its presence within the complement NEUROFUEL (previously often known as Ciltep). Made primarily from artichoke extract and forskolin, NEUROFUEL additionally comprises vitamin B6, L-phenylalanine, and acetyl-L-carnitine. It is strongly recommended that you simply take two to 3 capsules in the beginning of every day and skip dosing one or two days per week to attain optimum outcomes.

6. Alpha-GPC, AC-11, Bacopa, and Huperzine A

This mixture is discovered within the complement Alpha BRAIN from Onnit (use code Ben for 10% off meals and dietary supplements). In response to a medical trial performed by the Boston Heart for Reminiscence, Alpha BRAIN can enhance cognitive efficiency for wholesome people and should enhance reminiscence and studying capability.

Alpha-GPC has a number of advantages. It offers choline (which will increase the manufacturing of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine) and seems to help mobile membranes and cut back cognitive decline. AC-11 is derived from the rainforest herb Uncaria tomentosa, and analysis means that it might be able to assist sluggish the event of most cancers as a result of its DNA-repairing antioxidant properties.

Bacopa is understood to reinforce reminiscence and support in treating dementia, Parkinson’s, and epilepsy. Huperzine A is derived from the Chinese language membership moss Huperzia serrata. Analysis means that it improves neurotransmitter ranges and can also enhance reminiscence and shield neurons, making it a possible remedy for Alzheimer’s and associated circumstances.

As a phrase of warning, a latest assessment of the scientific literature discovered that the standard of the proof supporting using huperzine A is low, so there’s nonetheless debate over this explicit nootropic. In the event you take a cholinesterase inhibitor like donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon), or galantamine (Razadyne) — that are all used to stop or handle Alzheimer’s — the Alzheimer’s Affiliation formally recommends not taking huperzine A.

This stack appears to work finest should you take it every day for about two weeks. After that, the consequences develop into extra pronounced over time, so, as with the ginkgo, Bacopa, and lion’s mane stack, you might want to let this mix construct up in your system earlier than you decide its total effectiveness.

7. TianChi Chinese language Adaptogenic Herb Complicated

The record of herbs and substances within the complement TianChi is simply too lengthy to incorporate right here, however it comprises practically each Chinese language adaptogen and pure nootropic described on this article. So in relation to a nonsynthetic strategy to psychological enhancement, this mix tops the record. 

The herbs in TianChi are gathered from their native, wild environments or are organically grown, non-GMO, kosher-certified, non-irradiated, and pesticide-free, then formulated in small batches by a pal of mine named Roger Drummer, a repeat podcast visitor who’s a Chinese language natural drugs practitioner in Oregon. 

Most adaptogens in right now’s market are a standardized 5:1 extract, that means that it takes 5 kilos of herbs to make one pound of extract. This isn’t at all times efficient as a result of some herbs could should be extracted at a ten:1 ratio to truly be robust sufficient to be efficacious. The adaptogens in TianChi are extracted at a forty five:1 ratio, making this one of the potent blends accessible.

I’ve discovered the brain-boosting results of TianChi to be much more enhanced when consumed with beet juice or beet powder, in all probability as a result of beets’ vasodilating impact. That is considered one of my favourite blends to combine up midmorning or midafternoon on an empty abdomen for a clear-headed cognitive excessive. In case you are attempting to keep away from something even remotely artificial, TianChi is an efficient selection for you.

8. Qualia

Like TianChi, the nootropic mix Qualia Thoughts is a shotgun strategy, offering over forty completely different substances, together with all of the adaptogens, neurovitamins, amino acids, choline donors, anti-inflammatories, and antioxidants. It additionally comprises the artificial nootropic noopept, which is a few thousand instances stronger than piracetam, a preferred compound for reminiscence and focus. Moreover, it features a few different useful substances, corresponding to curcumin, piperine, and, should you go for the caffeinated model, caffeine.

9. Kava and Kratom

Kava is an extract from the Piper methysticum plant. Within the South Pacific, it is a well-liked drink that’s utilized in ceremonies and for leisure. Kavalactones in kava are believed to be answerable for its results on lowering anxiousness. It is also historically used for stress, withdrawal from benzodiazepines, emotions of well-being, and sleeping points. 

This clearly doesn’t make kava sound like a lot of a nootropic, however when mixed with the Southeast Asian plant extract kratom, (Mitragyna speciosa), derived from the leaf of a tropical deciduous tree inside the espresso household, the result’s a notable mixture. Kratom is usually used for varied functions, together with enhancing temper, appearing as an anxiolytic, aiding in insomnia, offering ache reduction, boosting power, serving as an anti-inflammatory, and decreasing blood sugar ranges. It elevates temper and euphoria, enhances bodily endurance, and improves anxiousness and melancholy.

So once you mix kratom and kava, a mix yow will discover in drinks corresponding to Really feel Free and/or New Brew, you get simultaneous euphoria and power with relaxed focus. The one drawback? Like nicotine, kratom might be very addictive and produce withdrawal signs like sleeplessness, irritability, and stressed legs should you use an excessive amount of too usually after which immediately cease. 

10. Nootopia

No, Nootopia isn’t some new fringe overseas nation positioned off the coast of Madagascar or discovered deep within the coronary heart of the Amazon. Reasonably, Nootopia is a black field that comprises custom-selected nootropics and sensible medication, all hand-selected for you primarily based on a particular quiz, then delivered to your entrance doorstep. 

Nootopia has nineteen completely different formulations at its disposal for every little thing from verbal fluency and phrase recall to focus and creativity, accessible in a wide range of capsules, liquids, and powders. 

Microdosing Psychedelics 

My expertise with psychedelics initially spanned a number of years of tripping out with every little thing from psilocybin truffles to DMT inhalation to dropping acid to sipping ayahuasca. 

However a number of years in the past, upon researching extra and realizing the standard historical past of huge doses of those compounds in sorcery, shamanism, witchcraft, and the occult — primarily for divining with the spirit world — I got here to the conclusion that their use clashed with my personal Christian beliefs, and appeared to be paradoxically drawing me away from sober time spent in prayer, studying my Bible and different vital components of my religious disciplines and non secular observe.

So, I now not endorse or observe so-called “journeying” with medication myself, however I nonetheless acknowledge their potential advantages when utilized in smaller, non-psychedelic doses. For extra perception, take a look at half 1 and half 2 of an article sequence I wrote about my stance on plant drugs.microdosing

Whenever you take a microdose of a psychedelic, it’s usually known as a sub-perceptual dose, achieved by ingesting tiny quantities of those compounds to induce a noticeable and total constructive bodily and psychological impact. Sub-perceptual doses wouldn’t have a big impression in your means to perform usually, however the results are current in your temper and conduct. The bottom dose of a specific psychedelic that can produce a hallucinogenic impact is called the brink dose; for the reason that purpose is to not get a hallucinogenic impact, a microdose might be effectively under a psychedelic’s threshold dose.

By integrating microdosing right into a weekly routine, you may obtain better creativity, extra power, improved temper, elevated focus, and higher relational expertise. There’s a rising physique of analysis that implies that microdosing can also help with melancholy and anxiousness, assist with delicate alcohol and tobacco habit, and mitigate ADD and ADHD behaviors. 

Microdosing Psilocybin

Psilocybin is of course produced by greater than 200 species of fungi, in any other case often known as “magic mushrooms.” Analysis from archaeological proof means that people have used psilocybin mushrooms for over seven thousand years. I’ve personally discovered microdoses of psilocybin to be finest for nature immersions, mountain climbing, journaling, and self-discovery.

Psilocybin primarily interacts with the serotonin receptors within the mind and has been utilized in therapeutic settings to deal with complications, anxiousness, melancholy, habit, and obsessive-compulsive dysfunction.

There’s restricted information to point out any antagonistic drug interactions with using psilocybin, and liver perform, blood sugar, and hormonal regulation all look like unaffected throughout consumption. (Nonetheless, to keep away from any points with vital neurotransmitter imbalances, it’s best to keep away from alcohol and serotonin-based antidepressants whereas taking any psychedelics.)

The place to Purchase Psychedelics

There are a number of internet sites that promote psychedelics, however not all sources include good-quality substances, neither is there any assure that the substance you buy isn’t laced with undesirable compounds.

I’ve personally discovered the next three sources to be fairly useful when buying psychedelics or discovering a high quality supply:

  • The Third Wave: This web site affords a bunch of precious data and downloadable PDFs on dosing, sourcing, security, and methods — and even a complete educational course on microdosing.
  • Reddit: Reddit comprises many beneficial private anecdotes which are voted up or down by different customers, and though it’s rife with tales that won’t apply to your particular state of affairs, I’ve discovered it to be a useful useful resource for locating what DIY biohackers and psychedelic customers are experimenting with in their very own protocols.
  • RealChems: RealChems sources artificial variations of 1P-LSD, ALD-52, ETH-LAD, AL-LAD, 4-AcO-DMT, and plenty of different psychedelic and nootropic “analysis chemical compounds” which are “not offered for human consumption” (nudge, nudge, wink, wink).

For many of the psychedelic purchases you make on-line, you often want to make use of cryptocurrency and, most often, if you wish to stay nameless, a Tor browser or different cloaked browser. Availability appears to be altering with rising legality, and I’ve stumbled throughout some nootropic firms, corresponding to Wukiyo, which have a psilocybin and herb mixture known as Bliss that may be ordered on-line.

A psilocybin microdose ranges from 0.1 to 0.5g. I like to recommend you begin on the decrease finish of the dosing vary with this and any of the opposite psychedelics talked about on this article. Belief me: you don’t wish to dose up for a inventive day of labor and end up daydreaming underneath your desk whereas jamming to the Grateful Lifeless. 

For psilocybin specifically, you may mix a small dose with lion’s mane and niacin in a morning cup of tea for a really slight sensory enhance with none distracting journey or gastric upset. Apparently, blue lotus extract — which is often often known as an aphrodisiac however may also lead to a big launch of the psychedelic compound DMT (dimethyltryptamine) by the pineal gland — might be mixed with psilocybin alone or the mix above for an much more pronounced impact that many describe as one thing just like an ecstasy (MDMA) expertise. 

Your pineal gland usually releases small quantities of DMT, however it is usually present in some vegetation and might be chemically synthesized. When ingested in excessive quantities, it can lead to a really noticeable, ego-dissolving psychedelic journeying impact, whereas smaller quantities have a nice nootropic impact. Blue lotus can upregulate your individual manufacturing of DMT, or when taken with DMT, can amplify its results. Important Oil Wizardry is a model I would recommend testing.

Microdosing LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide, generally often known as LSD, is derived from a chemical in rye fungus. It was initially synthesized in 1938 to help in childbirth and is broadly recognized for its highly effective hallucinogenic results. It’s much less well-known for what I exploit it for — inducing intense sparks of creativity when a merging of the left and proper mind hemispheres is the specified purpose, corresponding to a day on which I must do quite a lot of inventive writing or copywriting. It additionally works fairly effectively for preserving you chugging alongside on a sleep-deprived or jet-lagged day.

Like psilocybin, LSD impacts serotonin ranges within the physique. A dose of LSD dramatically will increase ranges of serotonin within the mind, which causes a feel-good dopamine launch. Analysis means that LSD can also cut back blood stream to the management facilities of the mind, which weakens their exercise and permits for larger quantities of creativity and simultaneous use of each the appropriate and left hemispheres of the mind, permitting for a potent mixture of analytical and inventive considering that may usually be tough to faucet into. This enhanced mind connectivity is probably going why customers expertise elevated creativity and distinctive thought patterns. 

A typical LSD microdose ranges from 5 to twenty micrograms (not milligrams!). My very own strategy for dosing LSD is named the volumetric dosing technique. I purchase blotter paper of LSD or P-LSD, then minimize out a sq. of 100 mcg with scissors and drop it right into a 10-milliliter dropper bottle of vodka.

I then know {that a} single drop of the liquid comprises a neat 10 micrograms of LSD. This helps me keep away from the wrong dosing so notoriously related to merely chopping out a sq. of paper and inserting it in your mouth, apart from that awkward time after I did the maths improper and took 100mcg — proper earlier than a therapeutic massage session! In the event you take barely an excessive amount of LSD, a small dose of CBD (between 10 and 20mg) or any of the adaptogenic herbs on this article appears to take the sting off.

Microdosing Ibogaine

Ibogaine is derived from iboga, an evergreen shrub native to the rainforests in central Africa whose root bark has excessive concentrations of psychedelic compounds. It has a wealthy historical past within the Bwiti faith in Africa and has just lately discovered its means into Western drugs to deal with drug addictions, enhance bodily power and cognitive efficiency (in microdoses), and trigger a surge in constructive feelings.

To microdose with ibogaine, discover a tincture or root bark kind (the basis bark kind is often encapsulated). In the event you use a tincture, discover a supply that has the basis bark extracted into its purest kind and mixed with iboga alkaloids. A single drop of an iboga tincture equates to a few 0.5mg microdose of ibogaine. In root bark kind, an efficient dose is 300 to 500mg.

I’ve discovered an iboga microdose to be most helpful earlier than a exercise or any effort that mixes each psychological and bodily calls for, corresponding to tennis, basketball, or energetic intercourse. It can make you hyperactive and jittery if taken simply earlier than a day of desk work, which is smart when you think about that African tribes historically whipped themselves right into a frenzied pre-battle state on ibogaine.

Microdosing Huachuma

Microdosing with huachuma, also called San Pedro cactus or mescaline, can have refined but profound results, significantly on social and human connectivity. The magic behind huachuma’s social alchemy lies in its major psychoactive element, mescaline, which interacts with serotonin receptors within the mind. At doses as little as 200 to 300mg, mescaline binds to those receptors, significantly the 5-HT2A receptor. This will result in elevated serotonin launch, selling emotions of well-being and empathy. 

The intricate interaction between mescaline and serotonin pathways could contribute to the reported cognitive and social advantages noticed throughout microdosing with huachuma.

This interplay can elevate temper, induce emotions of empathy, and improve interpersonal communication. Mescaline’s serotonin modulation could contribute to an elevated consciousness of emotional nuances, making social interactions extra nuanced and significant.

Folks usually describe a heightened means to learn nonverbal cues, fostering a deeper reference to others and an improved understanding of social dynamics. This chemical dance inside the mind, when orchestrated in microdoses, creates a cocktail of social experience-upgrading results that make a small dose excellent in my case for a social perform or a date night time with my spouse.

Microdosing Ketamine

Ketamine is a basic anesthetic generally used on animals however initially devised for and examined on people (the truth is, my paramedic brother generally makes use of it on the sufferers he transports within the ambulance). 

Ketamine acquired notoriety as a celebration drug within the Nineties however is now gaining momentum as a really efficient remedy for melancholy, though I wouldn’t fairly classify the dose being utilized in such settings as a microdose. 

When administered as an IV infusion, ketamine works in a short time on mind receptors and affords reduction from melancholy signs in as little as twenty-four hours.

In distinction, conventional antidepressants can take as much as eight weeks to develop into efficient and are accompanied by a bunch of adverse negative effects that ketamine doesn’t appear to trigger. These conventional antidepressants work by flooding neurotransmitters or blocking their reuptake within the central nervous system. However ketamine straight blocks glutamate and opiate receptors, each of which have an effect on melancholy and ache responses, from being acted upon by neurotransmitters — leading to a profound antidepressant impact with out neurotransmitter desensitization, and, if a behavior is halted inside the first twenty-four to forty-eight hours after ketamine, a better time breaking addictions.

Getting Began with Microdosing

For any of the psychedelic compounds mentioned on this article, I like to recommend following the protocol laid out by James Fadiman in chapter 16 of his e-book Psychedelic Explorer’s Information:

  • Devour a microdose of your chosen psychedelic twice per week for ten weeks.
  • Permit two to 3 days between every microdosing day (for instance, eat your microdoses on Wednesdays and Sundays).
  • Write about your expertise and be aware of your expectations and needs.
  • Particularly within the early levels of experimentation, use the compound in a well-recognized or managed setting.
  • On the finish of the ten weeks (or nevertheless many weeks you microdose), mirror in your expertise and ask your self, “Did I accomplish my function for microdosing?”

For one of many extra complete and insightful guides on microdosing, I additionally advocate Michael Pollan’s e-book Learn how to Change Your Thoughts, during which the creator — an immersive journalist with little to no psychedelic expertise — takes a deep dive into the world of psilocybin, LSD, DMT, and past.

The Final Phrase

On the subject of utilizing chemistry, fashionable science, and ancestral knowledge to make your mind work higher, there are clearly loads of choices. Whereas I might urge you to make use of warning with sensible medication, I additionally encourage you to contemplate using each pure and artificial nootropics to reinforce each productiveness and cognitive efficiency and to faucet into the ability of psychedelics for private breakthroughs, creativity, and connectivity. 

Whereas there’s no substitute for high quality sleep, brain-supporting meals (like darkish chocolate, contemporary pressed olive oil, or sustainable omega-3 wealthy fish), and mitigation of environmental toxins and pollution, experimenting with the stacks and supportive neurovitamins and neurominerals is usually a actually mind-altering and brain-bettering expertise, significantly should you really feel as if your mind may use a lift.

Are you feeling a little bit of paralysis by evaluation with all these mind-altering ways? Does it appear to be there are too many decisions?

Concern not: I’ve laid out an instance of how I personally weave all these compounds collectively into per week.

When you could not end up mixing up a magic mushroom homebrew in your kitchen anytime quickly, a bit of higher dwelling via science, a number of selection herbs, and nootropics could also be precisely what you might want to improve your productiveness, creativity, and total cognitive efficiency. 

You are actually outfitted with each shred of data mandatory to take action, whether or not you select a dangerous sensible drug strategy, a pure nootropic strategy, an artificial nootropic strategy, a psychedelic strategy, or a mix of all 4.


I’ve a cup of black espresso or mushroom or adaptogenic tea each morning. If I eat any additional espresso within the afternoon, I add tulsi, reishi, astragalus, or L-theanine to it. If I’m utilizing espresso to assist me plow via a demanding day or a interval of sleep deprivation, I often mix it with nicotine. On my hardest exercise days of the week, I often throw again a can of Replace or New Brew prior.

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday

I take Qualia, Wukiyo, Notable, or Nootopia on busier days when intense work calls for come up, particularly if I want enhanced creativity or, sooner phrase recall or mind processing velocity (for instance, if I’m being interviewed for a podcast or talking on stage). 

You don’t should personal and use all these aforementioned manufacturers, however I simply occur to as a result of I’m a well being podcaster with a storage filled with dietary supplements. If I’ve been touring or am jet-lagged, I’ll embrace a dose of methylene blue to mitigate neuroinflammation, and if sleep-deprived, NAD and creatine.


Thursdays are typically much less busy. I take TianChi if I want to softly enhance blood stream and wish to maintain neural irritation at bay. If I’m doing extra intense learning, studying, meditating (maybe whereas using Muse), or memorizing, I’ll pop a Beekeeper’s Mind Gas or add a contact of lion’s mane into the combo.


That is usually a inventive writing, problem-solving, and brainstorming day. I usually microdose with psilocybin or LSD within the morning to reinforce the coordination between my left and proper mind hemispheres. Joovv is one other mild remedy machine I flip to on Fridays, the weekends, or at any time when I want additional help for my total psychological and bodily well-being. 


That is my off day. I attempt to eat no brain-boosters except for a piping-hot cup of espresso. You gotta take a break typically, proper? I additionally make some extent to get strong sleep to naturally enhance my temper, power, and restoration. I flip to instruments just like the Apollo wearable (use code BG15 for 15% off) to assist me relax extra simply, and AYO, the primary circadian well being wearable, to enhance the quantity of restorative sleep I get. 


I commit Sundays to religious disciplines, private exploration (corresponding to with my Non secular Disciplines Journal), a healthy dose of neurogenesis, breathwork (with assist from The Breath Supply or Othership), and the occasional therapeutic massage. On today, I exploit a stronger neuron-sprouting and ego-dissolving combine: a microdose of psilocybin blended with lion’s mane extract and niacin, and, for a therapeutic massage, a microdose of ketamine.

All through the Week

Relying on my schedule, targets, and temper, different therapies and units I throw into the weekly combine to amplify the consequences of nootropics and dietary supplements embrace:

  • Grounding, particularly with the Final Longevity grounding sleep mat. Grounding, aka “earthing,” affords spectacular advantages for my sleep, focus, and blood sugar management, and for preventing anxiousness, stiffness, and irritation, together with whereas I am touring.
  • Infrasonic waves, which I get from the Sensate machine and app. This machine, which is worn across the head, makes use of intrasonic waves to stimulate the autonomic nervous system, leading to speedy leisure, heightened sleep high quality, and elevated self-regulation talents (use code BGL for $30 off).
  • The BrainTap headset is an LED visor and head machine that makes use of immersive audio to enrich meditation, visualization, and breathwork practices. It is helpful for enhancing creativity, preventing psychological blocks and adverse considering, and enhancing focus and problem-solving.
  • VIZR, a “drug-free microdosing” machine, affords a singular expertise utilizing mild and sound that works equally to low-level psychedelic compounds to stimulate your mind’s potential for development and alter (use code BEN10 for 10% off).
  • HigherDOSE’s PEMF Mat is an infrared sauna blanket that offers you all the advantages of a sauna session in an inexpensive, transportable machine. I prefer to nap on it, or just zip myself up, chill out, and reap the advantages like enhanced train restoration, lowered soreness, and better power (use code BEN for 15% off).
  • The Vielight Neuro is my go-to supply for transcranial-intranasal mind photobiomodulation, or PBM, a scientifically confirmed option to improve cognitive means and enhance cerebral blood stream. It targets the nasal passage (olfactory bulb), which is straight linked to mind areas, together with the prefrontal cortex, answerable for very important cognitive processes and storing long-term reminiscences (use code BG15 for 15% off).

Imagine it or not, this text is a brief record of the hacks I exploit for mind optimization.

For the total information, take a look at Ben Greenfield’s Mind Enhance Blueprint — an unique useful resource that’s packed to the brim with reductions on all of my favourite biohacks in your mind.

Don’t fret — you need not obtain it or present an electronic mail handle! Merely click on right here to entry it now.

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